Makrigialos lies in the south east corner of Crete and is the southern most tourist area in Europe. The towns of Ierapetra (25 minutes by car) and Sitia (45 minutes by car) have everything you might need that you have not been able to find in Makrigialos. The name Makrigialos (which means Long Shore in greek), comes from the very long and beautiful beach of the area, one of the greatest in Crete. The region of Makrigialos is consisted of the following communities: Agios Stefanos, Pefki, Orino, Perivolakia, Chrissopigi, Shinokapsala, Lithines and Stavrohori (country seat).
Koutsouras is a new coastal settlement founded by the residents of Stavrohori during the past few years, when the massive tourist development plans started. The route to Stavrohori is very interesting, as it crosses a small valley called "The path of the Pirates". At the valley, you will encounter the deserted village Tsikalaria and a complex of watermills.
On a hill over the village, there are the ruins of the Venetian fortress (Kastella or Fortezza) that was probably built over the ruins of a geometric acropolis.
It is located south from the village Roukaka. The settlement is first recorded in a 1368 document of the Duke archive of Handakas (Heraklion).
The settlement was founded during the 2nd Byzantine period by the the family of Litinon.
A modern coastal settlement and a popular tourist destination.
The caves Apaloustres and Vreiko are located in the region. Archeological findings indicate that the cave of Vreiko was inhabited during the Neolithic period.
Small village in the South of stone 8km connected with the South shaft roadway.